Regrettably, transport infrastructure is one of the many things which were seriously neglected in the years before Trinia regained its independence. As such, the overall condition of Trinia's road and rail systems is not nearly at the level which might be hoped, and considerable investment will be necessary to correct this situation. Nevertheless, Trinia's roads and railways are always busy, and improvements are constantly being introduced to help them keep pace with the country's economic revival.
Railways are a crucial part of the Trinian transport system, due to the generally poor condition and low capacity of many of the country's roads. It is true that the rail network in Trinia is not as geographically extensive as in some other countries, as the construction of railway lines occurred relatively late in Trinia's history, but where railways do exist, they are very heavily used — railways are the arteries of the Trinian economy.
Freight makes up the majority of traffic on the Trinian railways — in particular, heavy goods such as coal, ore, and lumber, all of which would be difficult to carry by truck given the state of roads in the more remote parts of the country. Agricultural produce is also a significant cargo. There are also passenger operations, although these are increasingly focused on short trips within each province rather than inter-provincial travel — the advent of discount airfares has decreased the viability of the latter except on routes served by the high-speed Occidental Express. Many of the long-distance trains are now marketed more as tourist "rail cruises" than as regular means of transport.
All railway infrastructure in Trinia is owned and managed by the central government. The state-owned KTN company (locomotive pictured), which is run independently of the infrastructure, is the largest operator of trains, but private companies also have access to the network on the same terms, and there are a number of privately owned services currently active.
There are railway lines in six of the seven provinces. The network is centred on the capital, Kurin, and is critical for the movement of goods between Kurin and the rest of the country. There are four main lines:
There exist a number of longer-term plans for extending the railway network. In particular, there are plans to build a major new railway from Melaţin to Velamneşĭr, driven by expansion of mining operations in the Velamnoćul mountains. There are two routes under debate — one would meet the Northern Line at Kaişur, which would provide the quickest route to the port of Kurin, while the other would pass through Draćin and meet the Northern Line somewhere in central Melaţin, considered easier from an engineering perspective because it would follow the valley of the Amne river. There are also long-term proposals to build a railway to Rokaĭ, and even talk of a grand "Eastern Line" which would follow Trinia's eastern border to link Melaţin and Armenar via Rokaĭ, Navrĭno, Zotĕa, and Midŏvo. There are also a number of smaller but easier improvements which could be made — for example, branch lines to smaller Vulnian towns such as Venumar, or branch lines from the Southern line to the the Armenese city of Azuzel or the Aḱănji capital, Ḱonăr.
As previously mentioned, the network of roads in Trinia is not in optimal condition, having been seriously neglected in the period before independence. In more heavily populated areas, roads are sufficient to requirements, and a number of significant roading projects have been completed in recent years. However, inter-provincial highways and roads in more remote areas are in need of considerable investment. Visitors to Trinia who go outside the major cities should not expect to find highly-engineered, multi-lane, dual-carriageway highways. Work is constantly being done to improve matters, but it will take time to bring Trinia's road network up to international standards.
There are five routes in Trinia which are designated as nationally significant. (Note that this does not imply anything about the condition of the roads.)
The Trinian airline industry has experienced rapid growth in recent years, with more Trinians travelling by air and greater connectivity with foreign countries being established. Trinia's largest airports are in Kurin, Cordăma, and Melaker, and most smaller cities also have commercial air terminals. Trinia has two major airline companies - the state-owned Trinian Airlines, and the privately-held KurinAir. Both have their hubs at Kurin International Airport. Trinian Airlines is a full-service carrier, while KurinAir is essentially a low-cost carrier, although the distinction between the two airlines has been narrowing somewhat in recent times. Trinian Airlines is the larger of the two, having a larger route network and operating more international flights. Kurin is also served by several foreign airlines.
Trinian Airlines is the largest airline in Trinia, both in terms of routes flown and passengers carried. It is state-owned, although for the most part it is managed autonomously. For the sake of its international operations, it tends to translate its name rather than use the Trinian words (Arolĭnia Triniana).
The airline has its primary hub at Kurin International Airport, and has secondary bases in Cordăma and Melaker. It serves fifteen other Trinian cities directly, and a number of other places through smaller affiliates. It also operates a substantial number of international flights, both to neighbouring countries and to countries further away — it is the only Trinian airline to fly long-haul routes. The airline's fleet reflects its diverse needs, with aircraft ranging in capacity from around 350 people to just 19 people. Trinian Airlines is a full-service carrier, and offers three classes of seating.
Trinian Airlines was founded as a private company some fifty years ago, and has used a number of different names. During the period of foreign occupation, the airline went bankrupt and was acquired by the government, and so on independence, the new Trinian state assumed control by default and gave it its current name. The modern Trinian Airlines also incorporates pieces of the former Lirŏda Airways, a private airline which collapsed at about the same time.
KurinAir (KurinAru in Trinian, although it frequently uses KurinAir even within the country) is the country's second largest airline, and the largest one to be privately owned.
As its name suggests, it is based in Kurin, and almost all of its flights are to or from there. Most of its flights are domestic, but it has also begun to operate a number of short flights to the major cities in certain nearby countries. It does not, however, fly long-haul routes. KurinAir operates on a low-cost model, generally offering lower prices than Trinian Airlines but also lower levels of comfort and service — it does not offer business class seating, and does not provide meals. It only operates a single class of aircraft, which helps it keep operational costs low but decreases flexibility.
KurinAir was founded shortly after Trinia regained its independence and aviation rules were relaxed somewhat. It was originally called Air Trinia, but has to adopt a new label when it was ruled that this was too similar to the name of Trinian Airlines.
Air Melaţin (in Trinian, Aru Melaţin or sometimes simply AruMel) is a small airline owned by an alliance of local government authorities in central Melaţin province, in northern Trinia.
From its base in Melaker, Air Melaţin provides air services to a number of smaller destinations within Melaţin, and to a number of places outside Melaţin which would otherwise not have direct flights. Although run as a commercial operation, the intention of the various local governments is that Air Melaţin will provide the province with air services which would not be provided by an airline based in Kurin. It operates only smaller aircraft, all turbo-props rather than jets.
Air Melaţin was originally formed out of the Melaker-based assets of the now defunct Lirŏda Airways.
Siĕlu Oriensimu Airlines (whose name literally means "Eastern Sky", and which often uses the abbreviation ASO), is a privately owned airline, the second largest after KurinAir.
Siĕlu Oriensimu Airlines is based in the east and south of the country. It operates out of two hubs, Cordăma and Zotĕa. Although competing with Trinian Airlines on some routes, Siĕlu Oriensimu Airlines mostly focuses on flying routes which are not served by Kurin-based airlines, with a particular focus on the secondary provincial cities which are linked to Kurin but not necessarily each other. The airline also has plans to begin short-distance international flights from its two hubs. At present, the Siĕlu Oriensimu Airlines fleet consists of small aircraft, mostly turboprops but with a number of smaller jets as well.
Like Air Melaţin, Siĕlu Oriensimu Airlines was originally a division of the now defunct Lirŏda Airways.
In Trinia's larger cities, well-developed mass transit systems have been operating for some time, and although facilities and equipment are not necessarily new, they are usually extensive.
The city of Kurin, being the largest centre of population, has the most extensive system. There is a commuter rail system which connects downtown Kurin with the city's outer suburbs — there are five lines, and slightly over a hundred stations. Parts of the network are underground, resembling a subway system, although the lines generally run above ground once outside the central city. The regular railways also run trains to nearby cities and towns such as Viŭris and Sanćarin, but these are administered separately from the city's other public transport networks. Closer to the city centre, there is an extensive tramway network, and the city also has a large number of buses. There are also a number of small, fast ferries operating around the Vulni river delta — for passengers who happen to live by the river or by a major canal, such ferries can provide quicker trips to the central city than buses.
Outside Kurin, public transport is usually less extensive, but is still relatively well developed. Cordăma, Melaker, Zotĕa, and Arkay have their own commuter rail systems (all above ground), and almost all cities of more than 100,000 people have tramways of some sort. Trolleybus systems are also common. Cities on rivers may also have ferries, typically intended for rapid movement along the river rather than simply crossing it.
Usually, public transport is administered by the governments of each Ward (there being ninety-six in total). The level of service provided varies depending on the nature of the Ward — urban Wards will likely provide more public transport than rural ones, for example. The exception to the Ward-based system is the greater Kurin area, where the public transport network is administered by a special entity which covers multiple Wards — in most matters, the greater Kurin area does not constitute a single administrative unit, but the need for coordinated transport policy has prompted the Wards to cede responsibility to a jointly-managed body.